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Which of the following is not found on a Safety Data Sheet (SDS)?
A. Exposure controls/personal protection
B. Hazard training requirements
C. Hazard(s) identification
D. Toxicological information
Hazard training requirements is NOT found on a Safety Data Sheet (SDS).
What is a Safety Data Sheet (SDS)?
- An SDS (formerly known as MSDS) includes information such as the properties of each chemical; the physical, health, and environmental health hazards; protective measures; and safety precautions for handling, storing, and transporting the chemical.
- It provides guidance for each specific chemical on things such as:
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- First aid procedures
- Spill clean-up procedures
Who needs to have SDSs?
- OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (1910.1200) and Lab Safety Standard (1910.1450) both require that SDSs be readily accessible during each work shift to employees when they are in their work area(s).
- Laboratories, facilities or shops that use chemicals must obtain an SDS that is specific to each chemical used in the workplace.
How do you obtain an SDS?
The University of Iowa retains a contract with Chemwatch, an online database that maintains SDS for the University community. Each PI/area manager is expected to keep an up-to-date manufacturer-specific chemical inventory in EHS Assist. So long as the PI/area manager does this, corresponding SDS will be available in Chemwatch.
If the chemical inventory in EHS Assist is complete and up-to-date, the PI/area manager does not need to acquire SDSs themselves.
If you do not have access to Chemwatch due to an incomplete inventory, the PI/area manager is still responsible for having manufacturer-specific SDS available for lab workers. To obtain SDS, get them from the manufacturer.
- They may be sent with the chemical order (paper copy or e-mail attachment).
- Otherwise, go to the manufacturer’s website and download it or request a copy.
If you cannot obtain a vendor-specific SDS, replace the chemical with one for which an SDS is available. If that is not feasible, contact John Silka at 335-8031.
Chemwatch, the online database, both maintains SDS and updates them as needed for the University community. SDS are normally available through the online database. In the event of a power outage or loss of network capability, SDS are available by calling the Chemwatch phone number. The SDS can be read to you or faxed to a location of your choosing.
If you do not have access to Chemwatch due to an incomplete inventory, the PI/area manager is responsible for maintaining and updating manufacturer-specific SDS for workers.
- SDSs can be stored electronically or as paper copies.
- and SDSs must be stored in a location that all staff can access during work hours (not behind a locked door or on a password-protected device to which they do not have the password).
- SDSs must be stored in the work area (not far away or in another building).
- If electronic copies are used, SDSs must still be available if the area loses electricity or internet access.
- Back-up options include:
- A laptop with PDFs (or any electronic file type) on the local hard drive.
- PDFs downloaded onto a USB stick.
- A computer with PDFs on the local hard drive that is hooked up to a battery back-up or plugged into an outlet on a back-up generator (red outlets).
Note: You may not use Google (or any search engine) as your lab’s means of SDS access. Furthermore, you may not expect your staff to access SDS through their personal smart phones.
- Chemwatch User Guide
- Chemwatch Access Information (one page printable sheet for posting)
All employees must be trained on how to read, understand, and access Safety Data Sheets. If the lab employs both a primary means of SDS access and a back-up secondary means of access, both methods should be covered during training. Training must be documented for each employee through the completion of one of the courses listed below.
Lab Chemical Safety – W008CM
- EHS generic training course is required initially and recommended annually. To finish your training requirement, you must also know specific information unique to your own work area. Use the Site-Specific Training checklist located within the course content to review site-specific training items with your supervisor or designated work area trainer.
- Audience: Persons who work with chemicals in research labs.
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HazCom with GHS – W115OS
- This course is required initially and recommended annually. It provides information about handling hazardous chemicals in the workplace.
- Audience: Personnel using chemicals in areas other than labs.
Appendix D to 29 CFR 1910.1200 indicates the required (and suggested) information to include in the SDS and the format. Sections 1-11 and 16 are required, sections 12-15 may be included but are not required.
- Section 1—Identification: Product identifier, manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number, emergency phone number, recommended use, and restrictions on use.
- 2—Hazard(s) identification: All hazards regarding the chemical and required label elements.
- 3—Composition/Information on ingredients: Information on chemical ingredients and trade secret claims.
- 4—First-aid measures: Required first aid treatment for exposure to a chemical and the symptoms (immediate or delayed) of exposure.
- 5—Fire-fighting measures: The techniques and equipment recommended for extinguishing a fire involving the chemical and hazards that may be created during combustion.
- 6—Accidental release measures: Steps to take in the event of a spill or release involving the chemical. Includes: emergency procedures, protective equipment and proper methods of containment and cleanup.
- 7—Handling and storage: Precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities.
- 8—Exposure controls/Personal protection: OSHA’s permissible exposure limits (PELs), threshold limit values (TLVs), appropriate engineering controls, and personal protective equipment (PPE).
- 9—Physical and chemical properties: The chemical’s characteristics.
- 10—Stability and reactivity: Chemical stability and possible hazardous reactions.
- 11—Toxicological information: Routes of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, or absorption contact), symptoms, acute and chronic effects, and numerical measures of toxicity.
- 12—Ecological information: How the chemical might affect the environment and the duration of the effect.
- 13—Disposal considerations—describes safe handling of wastes and methods of disposal, including the disposal of any contaminated packaging.
- 14—Transportation information—includes packing, marking, and labeling requirements for hazardous chemical shipments.
- 15—Regulatory information—indicates regulations that apply to chemical.
- 16—Other information—includes date of preparation or last revision.