what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?

what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?

what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?

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From the Foundation timeline, photographer Conor Ashleigh talks about his experience in Timor-Leste in 2012.

newest country in the southeast asian

The Southeast Asian countries are important because they are large in aggregate, strategically located, exceptionally diverse, and intellectually challenging. Some analytical and policy issues in the region, as elsewhere, are reasonably settled:

social progress follows economic development, and a few factors are absolutely critical to successful development. But region-wide generalizations for Southeast Asia beyond these basic propositions are hazardous.

Rich, high-tech Singapore is a world away from the grinding poverty of East Timor and Myanmar.

Some countries in the transition from communist to capitalist development have yet to establish

the institutions which underpin a modern state that participates in the global economy.

what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?
what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?

Indeed, some of the these states, particularly those on mainland Southeast Asia,

are unsure how, and how far, to embrace globalization. The region’s largest state, Indonesia, is now grappling with its territorial integrity and possibly even its survival.

For 30 years, ASEAN was the envy of the developing world. Now, quite suddenly, its economy is again growing slowly, there are serious social problems, and the region’s seemingly powerful cohesion has faltered. The age of uncertainty has returned to Southeast Asia, as illustrated not only by its short-term economic prospects but also by the diversity of opinion on the many important social and economic challenges it now faces.

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Where is Timor-Leste?

Timor-Leste (officially, Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste) is located in Southeast Asia,

on the southernmost edge of the Indonesian archipelago, northwest of Australia; Dili is the capital city.

Timor-Leste encompasses an area about 15,000 sq. km (slightly larger than the state of Connecticut),

with a mountainous terrain and a tropical climate (hot, semi-arid) and rainy and dry seasons.

The country includes the eastern half of Timor island as well as the Oecussi enclave

in the northwest portion of Indonesian West Timor, and the islands of Atauro and Jaco.

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The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century.

Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty

in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portugese Timor from 1942 to 1945,

but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II.

East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later.

It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor).

On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia.

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Timor-Leste is the newest country in the southeast asian

also On 20 September 1999 the Australian-led peacekeeping troops of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state.

In late April 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation’s security.

At the request of the Government of Timor-Leste, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste in late May. Approximately 80 ISF officers remained as of January 2008.

The mixed Malay and Pacific Islander culture of the Timorese people

reflects the geography of the country on the border of those two cultural areas.

Portuguese influence during the centuries of colonial rule resulted in

a substantial majority of the population identifying itself as Roman Catholic.

Some of those who consider themselves Catholic practice a mixed form

of religion that includes local animist customs.

what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?
what is the newest country in the southeast asian region?

As a result of the colonial education system and the 23-year Indonesian occupation,

approximately 13.5% of Timorese speak Portuguese, 43.3% speak Bahasa Indonesia,

and 5.8% speak English, according to the 2004 census.

Tetum, the most common of the local languages, is spoken by approximately 91% of the population,

although only 46.2% speak Tetum Prasa, the form of Tetum dominant in the Dili district. Mambae, Kemak, and Fataluku are also widely spoken.

This linguistic diversity is reflected in the country’s constitution,

which designates Portuguese and Tetum as official languages and English and Bahasa Indonesia as working languages.

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