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what is the first step when performing a search on a captured detainee?
The first step is to position the detainee so you can visually search them and check for weapons and contraband.
When searching captured detainees, the first step is to position them, which is be done by holding them with handcuffs or leg straps. Because detainees are expected to harm or harass their captors while being guarded, it is important to disarm and secure them.
The captured detainee must raise his/her arms above the head, with his/her fingers spread and palm facing you. Then, he/she must be ordered to turn around and kneel, so you can search further. The detainee must also have to lie on his/her stomach with arms straight out of the sides, his/her legs spread far apart, and forehead on the ground. It must be ensured that at the opposite side of the detainee being positioned and searched, there is a guard.
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Planning for Detainee Operations and Field Processing of Detainees
I-1. The purpose of this appendix is to provide some planning considerations for conducting detainee operations and to provide information to assist the capturing unit in the field processing of detainees.
I-2. While local government officials will detain certain individuals because of suspected criminal activity or for security purposes,
there will be times, when U.S, forces will capture and detain individuals who may pose a threat to US personnel and interests.
The act of capturing a detainee is only the first step in a lengthy and highly sensitive process.
I-3. Detainee is a term used to refer to any person captured or otherwise detained by an armed force (JP 1-02). AR 190-8, FM 3-19.40, and,
international law (including the law of war and the Geneva Conventions) address policy, procedures, and responsibilities for the administration,
treatment, protection, security, and transfer of custody of detainees. These publications provide other planning factors and the regulatory and legal requirements concerning detainees.
I-4. Detaining personnel carries with it the responsibility to guard, protect, and account for them. All persons captured, detained, interned,
or otherwise held in US armed forces custody are given humane care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of US forces
until final release or repatriation. The inhumane treatment of detainees is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or by
deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under the Uniform Code of Military Justice and international law.
I-5. The two Geneva Conventions most likely to be employed in detainee operations are the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoner of War, 12 August 1949 (GPW), and Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Person in Time of War, 12 August 1949 (GC). Most detainees will usually be civilians, and a very few will qualify as EPW.
PLANNING FOR DETAINEE OPERATIONS
I-6. Detainee operations are resource intensive and highly sensitive. Holding detainees longer than a few hours requires detailed planning to address the extensive requirements of the Geneva Conventions for proper administration, treatment, protection, security, and transfer of custody of detainees. If commanders anticipate holding detainees at the division level or lower (as opposed to expeditiously evacuating them to a detention facility), they should consider–
- Including internment/resettlement military police units in their task organization. Internment/resettlement units are specifically trained and resourced to conduct detainee operations for extended periods.
- Ensuring clear delineation of the interdependent and independent roles of those Soldiers responsible for custody of the detainees and those responsible for any interrogation mission.
- Additional resources necessary to provide detainees the extensive logistic and medical support required by regulation and law.
FIELD PROCESSING DETAINEES
I-7. Processing begins when US forces capture or detain an individual. Field processing is accomplished in the combat zone and aids in security, control, initial information collection, and in providing for the welfare of detainees.