what does it mean when your fertility is high

what does it mean when your fertility is high

what does it mean when your fertility is high

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what does fertility mean?

Fertility is the ability to conceive, whereas infertility is the inability to establish a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular, unprotected sex.

For females, fertility is especially focused on egg and uterine health, AKA the ability to ovulate and get pregnant. For males, fertility is especially focused on sperm health and the ability for sperm to fertilize an egg.

Can you be “super” fertile?

It’s true that fertility is genetic, and there actually are some people who can be classified as “super” fertile. This is all dependent on sperm and egg health.

One study on the topic classified super fertility as having a monthly fecundity rate (the ability to get pregnant) of 60% or greater. If you are born with an abnormally high egg or sperm count, have an extremely regular cycle, or have many healthy eggs in older age, you could be “super” fertile.

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your fertility is high
your fertility is high

What are signs of high fertility?

Wondering if you have high or low fertility? There are some clues to determine how fertile you are:

  • High antral follicle count: Your doctor can see your antral follicles via transvaginal ultrasound, and research has found that a higher number of active antrum follicles on the ovaries correlates to a high ovarian reserve.
  • Regular cycles: If you have a regular cycle, it’s a lot easier to identify when you’ll be ovulating, and when you should be having sex. This greatly increases your chances of conceiving.
  • Positive ovulation tests each month: If you’re getting consistent positive ovulation test results, this means you have a regular ovulatory cycle and have a higher chance of getting pregnant.
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What are signs of potential lower fertility?

On the other hand, there are some signs of low fertility as well:

  • Menopause: Going through menopause or perimenopause means you will soon be unable to conceive. Menopause usually starts in the mid-late 40’s but can happen earlier. Read 24 Signs of Perimenopause
  • Fibroids: Non-cancerous uterine tumors, known as fibroids, aren’t incredibly dangerous, but they are common and they can impact fertility. Depending on the location of the fibroids, your ability to conceive and sustain pregnancy could be decreased.
  • Endometriosis: Conceiving with endometriosis isn’t impossible, but you may have more issues than most when trying to get pregnant. There are some pregnancy complications to be wary of, including preterm labor and miscarriage. If you have endometriosis and are trying to conceive, I recommend talking to your doctor to find out what testing and products can help.
  • PCOS: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) typically causes abnormal ovulation, meaning it may create some challenges when trying to conceive. If you’d like to learn more, we have a whole article about getting pregnant with PCOS.
your fertility is high
your fertility is high

A Look at Your Fertility Timeline

Ages 18 to 24

If ever there was a “best” age to procreate purely from a physical standpoint, this would be it.

Your body’s strongest ovarian follicles are the first to mature into eggs for ovulation, so the eggs you produce in your younger years are more likely to be high quality.

Having a child at this age will cut the risk for:

  • birth defects
  • chromosomal problems
  • some fertility issues

Of course, while it’s less risky to have children when you’re 18 to 24, it’s not without risk.

This fertility chance, also known as fecundity rate, will wax and wane through your life. It’s at its strongest in this younger age period. Between ages 20 and 30, the natural fertility rate each month is about 25 percent. That dips to below 10 percent after age 35.

Birth rates are dropping for females ages 18 to 24. Many are foregoing families for careers until they’re in their 30s and 40s.

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what does it mean when your fertility is high
what does it mean when your fertility is high

Ages 25 to 30

With each passing year, your chance of naturally conceiving a child falls. But in your late 20s, your chance of getting pregnant without intervention remains fairly steady.

In fact, couples under age 30 who are otherwise healthy are able to conceive in their first three months of trying 40 to 60 percent of the time, estimates the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. After age 30, the chances of getting pregnant begin to decrease every year.

If you haven’t started a family yet, don’t worry! Your body still has a generous supply of eggs to provide when the time is right.

But if you’re trying to conceive and have been unsuccessful for at least three months, talk with your doctor. While most couples at this age will be able to have a baby without intervention, some guidance may be helpful.

Ages 31 to 35

In your early 30s, the chances you’ll be able to have a baby are still high.

You still have a lot of high-quality eggs to offer, but your odds will start to decline steadily at this age. Your fecundity rate decreases gradually until age 32. At 37, it drops dramatically. In your 30s, you’re about half as fertile as you are in your early 20s.

Does that mean you can’t have children if you’re in your 30s? Absolutely not.

In fact, 1 in 5 females nationwide have their first child after age 35, notes the National Institutes of Health. However, 1 in 3 couples in their 30s will experience some type of infertility issue.

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what does it mean when your fertility is high
what does it mean when your fertility is high

Ages 35 to 40

The greatest reduction in fertility is in the late 30s and early 40s. The chances a female in their late 30s will be able to conceive spontaneously is about half that of a female in their early 20s.

A 2003 review notes 60 percent of couples in this age range will be able to conceive naturally within a year of starting to try, while 85 percent will be able to conceive within two years.

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However, at this age, the risks of chromosomal issues with eggs are higher. The risks increase with every additional year. That means the risks of miscarriage or abnormal pregnancy are higher.

This fall in fertility rates happens to coincide with the decade of life when more people than ever are trying to get pregnant.

From 2011 to 2016, the birth rate for females ages 35 to 39 rose each year, falling 1 percent in 2017, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). For females over 39, the birth rate is even higher.

what does it mean when your fertility is high
what does it mean when your fertility is high

Ages 41 to 45+

According to the CDC, birth rates for ages 40 to 44 increased 2 percent between 2016 and 2017. The number of births for females 45 to 49 rose 3 percent in the same time frame. In fact, the fastest-growing rates of childbearing are in females 40 and older.

It’s important to keep in mind, however, that while more individuals are giving birth at these ages, the overall percentage of births to older parents is still much lower than in younger ones. That’s due, in part, because it’s tougher to get pregnant if you’re over 40.

By this age, your body is preparing for menopause. Your ovaries have likely exhausted their follicles or are nearing the end of their supply. With each passing cycle, more will disappear. By the time you reach your early 50s, you’ll have almost no follicles remaining.

Babies born from people in this age range are also at greater risk for a number of birth defects and pregnancy complications. Miscarriage and chromosomal abnormalities increase significantly during this period of life.

Older age also increases the risk of complications for the parent, including:

  • diabetes
  • hypertension
  • preeclampsia

 

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