what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?

what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?

what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?

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The Vietnam War

  • The Vietnam War was a prolonged military conflict that started as an anticolonial war against the French and evolved into a Cold War confrontation between international communism and free-market democracy.
  • The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) in the north was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist countries, while the United States and its anticommunist allies backed the Republic of Vietnam (ROV) in the south.
  • President Lyndon Johnson dramatically escalated US involvement in the conflict, authorizing a series of intense bombing campaigns and committing hundreds of thousands of US ground troops to the fight.
  • After the United States withdrew from the conflict, North Vietnam invaded the South and united the country under a communist government.
what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?
what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?

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WHAT ADVANTAGE DID THE AMERICAN MILITARY HAVE IN THE VIETNAM WAR?

During the Vietnam War, the Viet Cong acted as the military arm of the National Liberation Front (NLF),

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a communist-leaning political organization created to overthrow the democratic government of South Vietnam.

Although the Viet Cong were outnumbered by and lacked the fire and air power of the South Vietnamese and their U.S. supporters,

they had several tactical advantages. U.S. troops ultimately found themselves fighting a style of war they could not adapt to against an enemy they often could not find.

The rain forests, mountains and swampland of Vietnam provided the Viet Cong with an unlimited amount of

well-concealed staging areas impenetrable by U.S. ground forces. The jungle canopy also allowed North Vietnam to

continually supply the Viet Cong with reinforcements and supplies along routes — particularly the Ho Chi Minh Trail — that

could not be detected by U.S. air power. The rainy, hot and insect-laden tropical climate was one the Viet Cong were used to, while many U.S. servicemen found it almost unbearable.

what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?
what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?

AMERICAN MILITARY ADVANTAGE

Because the South and North Vietnamese were of the same ethnicity, U.S. soldiers had no way of knowing

whether a Vietnamese person was from the communist North or the democratic South. Viet Cong guerrilla

fighters were not in uniform and typically wore the same clothes as the common working man. This made it

impossible for U.S. soldiers to distinguish between villagers and Viet Cong guerrillas. Even civilians who were

not Viet Cong were often sympathetic to the ideologies of the NLF and would not assist or cooperate with U.S. soldiers.

 

The Viet Cong were skilled in setting lethal booby traps. They would string tripwires attached to grenades

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across known infantry patrol routes. They also planted “Bouncing Bettys” — land mines that detonated

several feet above ground after being pressured and released — along these routes. The Viet Cong often dug

“punji pits” in open areas where they expected U.S. soldiers to patrol. These traps were deep holes lined with

sharp spikes that would kill or seriously maim anyone who fell in. Because these traps were undetectable,

U.S. soldiers experienced psychological pressure while patrolling, which was as much a part of the Viet Cong”s tactical strategy as the traps themselves.

what advantage did the american military have in the vietnam war?
Hovering U.S. Army helicopters pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet-Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, near the Cambodian border, March 1965. (AP Photo/Horst Faas)

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