the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

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The process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is ________.
A) gene regulation
B) transcription
C) gene expression
D) translation

ANSWER:  C

the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is
the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

 Gene expression

Gene expression is a process by which the genetic information is used in the synthesis of functional products including proteins and functional RNAs (e.g., tRNA, small nuclear RNA, microRNA, small/short interfering RNA, etc.). The process of gene expression is applied by all organisms including eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses to produce the macromolecular machinery for life. Through controlling the cell structure and function, the gene plays an important role in cellular differentiation, morphogenesis, adaptability, and diversity.

Because the control of the timing, location, and levels of gene expression can have a significant effect on gene functions in a single cell or a multicellular organism, gene regulation may also drive evolutionary change. Several steps in the gene expression process can be regulated, such as transcription, posttranscriptional modification (e.g., RNA splicing, 3′ poly A adding, 5′-capping), translation, and posttranslational modification (e.g., protein splicing, folding, and processing).

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Epigenetics

Epigenetics is the study of heritable phenotype changes that do not involve alterations in the DNA sequence, meaning a change in phenotype without a change in genotype. The term also refers to the functionally associated changes to the genome that do not encompass a change in the nucleotide sequence. At present, DNA methylation, histone modification, and noncoding RNA (ncRNA)-associated gene silencing are major functions for involving in the initiation and support of epigenetic changes. It often indicates changes that affect gene activity and expression and shows phenotypic changes which can be transferred to the offspring.

the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is
the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

What is the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotypes?

Definitions: phenotype is the constellation of observable traitsgenotype is the genetic endowment of the individual. Phenotype = genotype + development (in a given environment). … In a narrow “genetic” sense, the genotype defines the phenotype.

Which turns off transcription by binding to the operator?

In molecular genetics, a repressor is a DNA- or RNA-binding protein that inhibits the expression of one or more genes by binding to the operator or associated silencers. A DNA-binding repressor blocks the attachment of RNA polymerase to the promoter, thus preventing transcription of the genes into messenger RNA.

What would you assume if you found RNA transcripts of lactose?

What would you assume if you found RNA transcripts of lactose-utilizing genes within E. coli? Lactose is present in the cell. While examining a human cell that functions normally, you determine that it has 45 functional chromosomes and one chromosome that is almost completely inactive.

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the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is
the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

How is it that the cell in different body tissues are able to perform different functions?

How is it that the cells in different body tissues are able to perform different functions? The cells exhibit different patterns of gene expression.

What is first eukaryote?

Because eukaryotes are the only organisms on Earth that can make these molecules, scientists concluded that eukaryotes—probably simple, amoeba- like creatures—must have evolved by 2.

Which of the following is not a type of cell?

Hence, the correct answer is ‘Virus’

Which cell is not present in xylem?

Explanation: SIEVE TUBES is not found on xylem tissue. Xylem is water conducting part.

the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is
the process by which genotype becomes expressed as phenotype is

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