the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was ___.

the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was

the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was ___.

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Cold War: Postwar Estrangement

After the war, disputes between the Soviet Union and the Western democracies, particularly over the Soviet takeover of East European states, led Winston Churchill to warn in 1946 that an “iron curtain” was descending through the middle of Europe. For his part, Joseph Stalin deepened the estrangement between the United States and the Soviet Union when he asserted in 1946 that World War II was an unavoidable and inevitable consequence of “capitalist imperialism” and implied that such a war might reoccur.

the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was
the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was

The Cold War was a period of East-West competition, tension, and conflict short of full-scale war, characterized by mutual perceptions of hostile intention between military-political alliances or blocs. There were real wars, sometimes called “proxy wars” because they were fought by Soviet allies rather than the USSR itself—along with competition for influence in the Third World, and a major superpower arms race.

After Stalin’s death, East-West relations went through phases of alternating relaxation and confrontation, including a cooperative phase during the 1960s and another, termed détente, during the 1970s. A final phase during the late 1980s and early 1990s was hailed by President Mikhail Gorbachev, and especially by the president of the new post-Communist Russian republic, Boris Yeltsin, as well as by President George Bush, as beginning a partnership between the two states that could address many global problems.

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Cold War: Soviet Perspectives

After World War II, Joseph Stalin saw the world as divided into two camps: imperialist and capitalist regimes on the one hand, and the Communist and progressive world on the other. In 1947, President Harry Truman also spoke of two diametrically opposed systems: one free, and the other bent on subjugating other nations.

After Stalin’s death, Nikita Khrushchev stated in 1956 that imperialism and capitalism could coexist without war because the Communist system had become stronger. The Geneva Summit of 1955 among Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States, and the Camp David Summit of 1959 between Eisenhower and Khrushchev raised hopes of a more cooperative spirit between East and West.

In 1963 the United States and the Soviet Union signed some confidence-building agreements, and in 1967 President Lyndon Johnson met with Soviet Prime Minister Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey. Interspersed with such moves toward cooperation, however, were hostile acts that threatened broader conflict, such as the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 and the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia of 1968.

the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was
USA – Capitalist Superpower. Soviet Union – Communist Superpower. Each side had different interests in the post-WWII world. Americans looked to correct economic causes of the world. The U.S. also wants democracy, individual freedoms, and capitalism to spread. Soviets looked to protect its territory. They also supported the spread of communism. Each side had different interests in the post-WWII world. Soviets looked to protect its territory. i. Soviets had been invaded by Germany twice in 30 years. ii. For the Soviets, security was much more important than things like freedom, democracy or capitalism. iii. For the Soviets, security meant space between herself and Germany. iv. Communism, the Soviets thought, was superior to capitalism and would one day replace it. v. Lenin theorized that capitalist systems would see communist systems as a threat and would attempt to destroy them. Americans looked to correct economic causes of the world. i. Many Americans believed that the Great Depression started WWII. ii. Without the Great Depression, Hitler would not have come to power. iii. By 1945, FDR and advisors were convinced that economic power was the key to a healthy non-warring Europe.

the economic system of the cold war

The long rule of Leonid Brezhnev (1964–1982)

is now referred to in Russia as the “period of stagnation.”

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But the Soviet stance toward the United States became less overtly hostile in the early 1970s.

Negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in

summit meetings and the signing of strategic arms limitation agreements.

Brezhnev proclaimed in 1973 that peaceful coexistence was the normal, permanent,

and irreversible state of relations between imperialist and Communist countries,

although he warned that conflict might continue in the Third World. In the late 1970s,

growing internal repression and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan led to a renewal of Cold War hostility.

Soviet views of the United States changed once again after Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in early 1985. Arms control negotiations were renewed, and President Reagan undertook a new series of summit meetings with Gorbachev that led to arms reductions and facilitated a growing sympathy even among Communist leaders for more cooperation and the rejection of a class-based, conflict-oriented view of the world.

With President Yeltsin’s recognition of independence for the other republics of the former USSR and his launching of a full- scale economic reform program designed to create a market economy, Russia was pledged at last to overcoming both the imperial and the ideological legacies of the Soviet Union.

Gorbachev hoped these changes would be enough to spark the sluggish Soviet economy. Freedom, however, is addictive.

The unraveling of the SOVIET BLOC began in Poland in June 1989.

Despite previous Soviet military interventions in Hungary, Czechoslovakia,

and Poland itself, Polish voters elected a noncommunist opposition government to their legislature.

The world watched with anxious eyes, expecting Soviet tanks to

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roll into Poland preventing the new government from taking power.

Here, crews of German troops tear down the Berlin Wall.
While many had taken axes and picks to the Wall upon the collapse of Communism in Germany in 1989,
the official destruction of the Berlin Wall did not begin until June, 1990.

Gorbachev, however, refused to act.

the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was
the economic system that came out on top at the end of the cold war was

Like dominoes, Eastern European communist dictatorships fell one by one. By the fall of 1989, East and West Germans were tearing down the BERLIN WALL with pickaxes. Communist regimes were ousted in Hungary and Czechoslovakia. On Christmas Day, the brutal Romanian dictator NICOLAE CEAUSESCU and his wife were summarily executed on live television. Yugoslavia threw off the yoke of communism only to dissolve quickly into a violent civil war.

Demands for freedom soon spread to the Soviet Union. The BALTIC STATES of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania declared independence. Talks of similar sentiments were heard in UKRAINE, the CAUCASUS, and the CENTRAL ASIAN states. Here Gorbachev wished to draw the line. Self-determination for Eastern Europe was one thing, but he intended to maintain the territorial integrity of the Soviet Union. In 1991, he proposed a Union Treaty, giving greater autonomy to the Soviet republics, while keeping them under central control.

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