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“Russian industrial city on the River Volga” is:
It is a word which contains 9 letters
WHERE is Volgograd?
Volgograd, formerly (until 1925) Tsaritsyn and (1925–61) Stalingrad, city and administrative centre of Volgogradoblast (region), southwestern Russia, on the Volga River. It was founded as the fortress of Tsaritsyn in 1589 to protect newly acquired Russian territory along the Volga. During the Russian Civil War (1918–20), Joseph Stalin organized the defense of the city in a major battle against the White Russian armies, and the city was later renamed in his honour.
One of the decisive battles of World War II took place there, from August 1942 to February 1943. The German armies at the limit of their advance attempted to capture Stalingrad; after bitter fighting during which the city was reduced to rubble, the German salient was cut off, and an army group of some 300,000 men was annihilated
The city was totally rebuilt after the war, and new apartment buildings and factories extend for more than 40 miles (65 km) along the river. Steel and aluminum, engineering products, timber goods, building materials, and foodstuffs head a long list of manufactures, joined in the 1960s by chemicals associated with an oil refinery built in 1957.
Other postwar developments include the Volga-Don Ship Canal, opened in 1952, and a hydroelectric station immediately north of the city. There are medical, civil engineering, teacher-training, mechanical, and municipal-economics institutes. The University of Volgograd was opened in 1980. Pop. (2010) 1,021,215; (2019 est.) 1,013,468.
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Volgograd Facts and Figures
Who’s in charge?
Mayor Vitaly Likhachev (inaugurated September 2018)
How many people live there?
Approximately 1,020,000 (as of June 2017)
How big is Volgograd?
565 km squared (approx. 0.6 times the size of Hiroshima City)
Where is it?
Volgograd sits 900 km southeast of the capital of the Russian Federation, Moscow
What’s the weather like?
With a dry steppe climate, the seasonal temperature differences are extreme, averaging 27.7C in summer and -16C in winter.
Get to Know Volgograd
Located on the lower reaches of the Volga River, a large river in southeastern Russia that flows to the Caspian Sea, Volgograd is a long, narrow city which developed along the Volga River Valley. Known as Tsaritsyn until 1925, and then as Stalingrad until 1961, the City of Volgograd began as a fortress on the Volga River in 1589. Taking advantage of its river ports and capability for water transportation, the city developed into an industrial hub in the second half of the 19th century. After the Russian Revolution in 1917, the city became a leading commercial and cultural center in Russia.
During WWII, 85% of the buildings in the city were destroyed in the Battle of Stalingrad from July 1942 to February 1943. The war also took a heavy toll on the population, dropping from over 1.5 million to a mere 32,000.
After the end of WWII, Volgograd wasted no time in rebuilding, taking its place as one of Russia’s leading cities. With flourishing steel, machinery, and timber processing industries, Volgograd is also a center for culture and the arts with numerous theater troupes, symphony orchestras, and circuses, as well as art museums, theatre houses, and more.