martin luther believed that one’s salvation was predestined by god

martin luther believed that one's salvation was predestined by god

martin luther believed that one’s salvation was predestined by god

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Martin Luther believed that one’s salvation was predestined by God. true or false?

Luther believed that divine election was the cause of our salvation. The doctrine was for the comfort of the believer. He wrote: “The human doctrine of free will and of our spiritual powers is futile. The matter (salvation) does not depend on our will but on God’s will and election.”

martin luther believed that one's salvation was predestined by god
martin luther believed that one’s salvation was predestined by god

Lutherans historically hold to unconditional election to salvation. However, some do not believe that there are certain people that are predestined to salvation, but salvation is predestined for those who seek God. Lutherans believe Christians should be assured that they are among the predestined. However, they disagree with those who make predestination the source of salvation rather than Christ’s suffering, death, and resurrection. Unlike some Calvinists, Lutherans do not believe in a predestination to damnation. Instead, Lutherans teach eternal damnation is a result of the unbeliever’s rejection of the forgiveness of sins and unbelief.

Martin Luther on Predestination

The problem of predestination is posed by the particularity of the Judeo-Christian tradition: the fact that God revealed himself uniquely in one people, Israel, and supremely in one man, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus as well as Paul spoke of “the elect ones” and “the chosen few.” The tension between God’s free election and genuine human response is present already in the New Testament documents. However, Augustine, in his classic struggle with Pelagius, first developed a full-blown doctrine of predestination.

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martin luther believed that one's salvation was predestined by god
martin luther believed that one’s salvation was predestined by god

Predestination: The Hinge On Which All Turns

Martin Luther’s doctrine of justification broke decisively with the Augustinian model of a progressive impartation of grace. We are justified not because God is gradually making us righteous, but because we are declared righteous on the basis of Christ’s atoning sacrifice. However, on the prior principle of sola gratia, Luther—and Zwingli and Calvin after him—stands foursquare with Augustine against the latter-day “Pelagians” who exalt human free will at the expense of God’s free grace.

In this respect, the mainline Protestant Reformation can be viewed as an “acute Augustinianization of Christianity.” Some historians have regarded Luther’s doctrine of predestination as an aberration from his major themes or, at best, as a “merely auxiliary thought.” But Luther saw the matter differently. In responding to Erasmus’s attack on this doctrine, Luther praised the humanist for not bothering him with extraneous issues such as the papacy, purgatory, or indulgences. “You alone,” he said, “have attacked the real thing, that is, the essential issue…. You alone have seen the hinge on which all turns, and aimed for the vital spot.”

Luther described the nature of this bondage in terms of a struggle between God and Satan:

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“So the will is like a beast standing between two riders. If God rides, it wills and goes where God wills…. If Satan rides, it wills and goes where Satan wills; nor can it choose to run to either of the two riders or to seek him out, but the riders themselves contend for the possession and control of it.”

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