list of nightshade vegetables pdf

list of nightshade vegetables pdf

list of nightshade vegetables pdf

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What are nightshade vegetables and fruits?

When we hear the words “nightshade vegetables”, it’s common to automatically think of tomatoes and potatoes, but that isn’t the full list. Here is a quick run down of some other common nightshade vegetables:

  • Peppers like bell peppers, sweet peppers, and hot peppers
  • Potatoes with the exception of sweet potatoes and yams
  • Tobacco – yes as in chewing and smoking tobacco!
  • Tomatoes
  • Eggplant

As someone who personally avoids nightshades (they trigger my autoimmune symptoms and cause joint pain), trust me when I tell you, they’re hiding everywhere! The two most common culprits of hidden, sneaky nightshades: “spices” and potato starch.

Spices is considered a trade secret, so a brand does not need to provide you as the consumer with detailed ingredients on what this includes. More often than not, a product that includes “spices” on the ingredient list will contain nightshades.


Potato starch is at least easier to identify, but I still consider it to be a sneaky nightshade vegetable. It’s hiding in so many foods! Be sure to check your labels if you’re avoiding nightshades.

The takeaway here is that simple or homemade foods are the safest and easiest meals for someone on a healing elimination diet like the autoimmune paleo protocol. But I get it, sometimes convenience foods are necessary – either because you’re short on time or short on energy. Read your labels carefully, and keep this list handy.

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list of nightshade vegetables pdf
list of nightshade vegetables pdf

When should nightshade vegetables be avoided?

I mentioned it before, but nightshade vegetables are not necessarily bad. However, if you have an autoimmune disease or chronic inflammation, you may have heard that you should avoid nightshades.

Research has shown that eliminating nightshade vegetables can help resolve inflammation, particularly in the joints. Because they can be triggers for some people with chronic illness, nightshade vegetables are eliminated during the first phase of the autoimmune protocol diet.

While anyone can have an allergy or intolerance to nightshade fruits and vegetables, there is a certain subset of people that have a greater propensity to not tolerating nightshades well.

You may have a greater risk of intolerance to nightshades if you have:

  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • inflammation
  • autoimmune issues
  • joint issues
  • impaired digestion

If you identify with any of the 5 conditions I’ve listed above, you may in fact be dealing with pain or inflammation in your body triggered by nightshade consumption.

How can I tell if I have a nightshade allergy or intolerance?

Just because you have joint pain does not mean it’s triggered by nightshades, and conversely, just because you don’t have joint pain doesn’t mean you’re in the clear.

I personally had no idea I was reacting to nightshade vegetables until I followed the AIP diet. According to the foods list for the AIP diet, nightshade fruits and vegetables are to be avoided for a minimum of 30 days before reintroduction.

list of nightshade vegetables pdf
list of nightshade vegetables pdf

Reactions to look for with a nightshade sensitivity could be:

  • headaches
  • inflammation (can manifest in stubborn weight gain, weight loss resistance, fluid retention)
  • brain fog
  • fatigue
  • joint pain
  • skin issues (rashes, acne, rosacea, eczema, etc.)
  • digestive troubles
  • autoimmune symptom flares
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Without removing nightshade vegetables from your diet for a period of time to allow your body to heal and reduce inflammation, identifying reactions to those foods can be very difficult. If you suspect you may have a nightshade allergy or intolerance, or you have one of the conditions I mentioned above (rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmunity, IBS, impaired digestion, or joint pain), I’d strongly consider an elimination diet (like the AIP diet) to test your sensitivity.

Health benefits of nightshades

Certain nightshade vegetables can be excellent sources of nutrients, including vitamins, protein, and fiber.

Eating a varied diet rich in vitamins and minerals can have a powerful effect on a person’s health and improve the symptoms of chronic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Nutritious nightshades include the following:


Eggplant is an ingredient used in many diets, including the Mediterranean diet and is stocked in most grocery stores. It is a good source of fiber, potassium, and vitamin B-1, B-6, and K.


Tomatoes are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, including biotin, potassium, iron, and zinc. They also contain the antioxidant lycopene, which may improve inflammation.


Purple, white, and yellow potatoes all offer nutritional value that includes fiber, vitamin C and vitamin B-6.


Bell peppers are great sources of vitamin A and C, potassium, and folic acid.


According to the Arthritis Foundation, there is no specific diet that a person with rheumatoid arthritis should follow, but there are some foods that can help to control inflammation. Many of these foods are found in the Mediterranean diet.

list of nightshade vegetables pdf
list of nightshade vegetables pdf

Anti-inflammatory foods recommended by the Arthritis Foundation include:

  • Oily fish: These have a high Omega-3 content that may reduce inflammation. Good sources include salmon, tuna, and anchovies.
  • Colorful fruits and vegetables: Examples include blueberries, cherries, kale, and broccoli that are full of antioxidants to support the immune system.
  • Nuts and seeds: These include walnuts, pine nuts, and almonds with monounsaturated fats, which may help with inflammation. Olive oil can have a similar effect.
  • Beans: Examples are black beans, pinto beans, and kidney beans, which contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds.
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Incorporating these foods into recipes and daily meals is easy with a wide range of recipes available online and in cookbooks.

Am I allergic to nightshade vegetables?

A person may be allergic to one or more nightshade vegetables if they experience the following symptoms shortly after eating them:

  • hives or a skin rash
  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing
  • coughing
  • tightness of the throat
  • pale skin
  • anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction and a medical emergency.

If a person experiences a severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis after eating any food, they should seek emergency medical attention and use an EpiPen, if one is available.

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