drinking after conception before implantation

drinking after conception before implantation

drinking after conception before implantation

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Do You Need to Stop Drinking While You’re Trying to Conceive?

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that three out of four women consume alcoholic beverages while trying to get pregnant.

Here’s what you need to know about the recommendations for alcohol use during preconception.

Possible Fetal Risks

As previously stated, guidelines from top medical organizations including the ACOG consistently recommend that women abstain from alcohol during pregnancy. Research shows that

drinking during pregnancy poses a number of health risks to a fetus including:5

  • Congenital abnormalities (including facial deformities)
  • Developmental delays and long-term cognitive disabilities
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
  • Low birth weight
  • Preterm delivery
  • Stillbirth (in severe cases)
drinking after conception before implantation
drinking after conception before implantation

Many individual variables must be taken into account when assessing risk. These include maternal alcohol metabolic clearance rate, fetal developmental sensitivity based on

gestational age, various genetic components, binge drinking behavior versus casual drinking habits, and the use of other substances in conjunction with alcohol.

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Is Occasional Drinking Safe?

Confusion surrounding low to moderate alcohol consumption during preconception may have arisen from several studies showing that low-level drinking did not increase

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the risk of preterm delivery or a low-birth-weight baby. Some of these findings have circulated in the media, leaving many pregnant people to ask whether it is really

necessary to completely abstain from alcohol during early pregnancy.

One problem with the research is that not all possible cognitive and psychological impacts of alcohol on a developing fetus have been examined. Even if a baby is born at a

healthy weight, research shows they may still experience lifelong learning challenges if they were exposed to alcohol during the first trimester.

drinking after conception before implantation
drinking after conception before implantation

Can Drinking Affect Fertility?

If you’re wondering whether a few occasional drinks will have an adverse effect on your fertility, the evidence is still unclear.

Some studies have found that drinking a moderate amount of alcohol daily can significantly increase the risk of infertility. For example, a 2017 study showed that women

who drank less than one serving of alcohol per day had a lower risk of infertility compared to women who consumed more alcohol.

Conversely, a study published in Fertility and Sterility in 2017 showed that low-level red wine consumption—less than five 6-ounce servings per month—was associated

with increased ovarian reserve among women with regular menstrual cycles who were not yet pregnant.

Researchers linked the boost in women’s fertility to the anti-inflammatory properties of resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenol found in red wine. In this particular study,

no subject drank more than 15 glasses of wine in a month.

With regards to fertility, most practitioners indicate that when it comes to food, alcohol, and caffeine consumption, moderation is key. So, having an occasional glass of wine

with dinner, for example, is not something most doctors advise their patients against. But of course, they don’t recommend drinking more and never recommend binge-drinking

(having many alcoholic beverages in rapid succession).

That said, people with health conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), the leading cause of anovulation, may want to avoid

alcohol entirely to increase their chances

of getting pregnant. People who are diagnosed with PCOS are usually advised by their healthcare provider to make certain lifestyle modifications

that include avoiding alcohol

in order to successfully ovulate and conceive.

How much do women drink?

Recent studies show the developing embryo is highly susceptible to environmental changes and the actions of the mother. This time point is critical as it is the most active time

for cell division and differentiation, with the early embryo containing all the genetic codes and information needed for the future development of the foetus. As such,

an optimal environment during this period is just as important as the remaining months of pregnancy and peak organ development.

drinking after conception before implantation
drinking after conception before implantation

It is common for women of reproductive age to consume alcohol. A recent survey showed Australian women on average reported drinking 3.5 standard drinks a day. This is quite alarming

when taking into consideration 50% of pregnancies in Australia are unplanned, with the average time point of recognition of pregnancy at four weeks.

What are the risks?

Clinical studies have not yet tracked the drinking patterns of women prior to the recognition of pregnancy and subsequent health outcomes of the child. However, preliminary research

more :  what are the chances of getting pregnant at 40

through animal models is showing alcohol around conception and very early pregnancy can alter the development of the early embryo and lead to long-term consequences for the health of offspring after birth.

Using a mouse animal model, researchers from Finland reported early maternal alcohol consumption during this developmental period caused changes in brain structure of offspring,

particularly in an area of the brain important for learning and memory.

Co-author Karen Moritz found the equivalent of five standard alcoholic drinks consumed around the time of conception in a rat animal model altered the

development of the foetus.

The study showed that before the egg implants and any organs start to develop, alcohol consumption causes changes to the embryo. Furthermore, the risk of offspring becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes in early middle age dramatically increased.

The usual risk factors of these two diseases are attributed to poor diet and lack of exercise, but the results showed exposure to alcohol around conception

presents a risk similar to following a high-fat diet for a major proportion of life.

 

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