difference between masonry drill bits and wood

difference between masonry drill bits and wood

difference between masonry drill bits and wood

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Wood vs Masonry Drill Bits. What’s the Difference?

At first glance, most drill bits appear to be alike and all have the same purpose which is to drill a hole into tough material such as wood, masonry, metal, concrete, and others. But closer inspection shows that there are significant differences between wood and masonry drill bits or concrete bits. Using the right one for the job is paramount in getting the results that you desire.

To understand the differences between wood and masonry bits, you need to know how each one is designed to do the job.

difference between masonry drill bits and wood
difference between masonry drill bits and wood

Best Drill Bits for Wood

Wood drill bits are made of high carbon steel or high-speed steel. A brad point bit is the one that is commonly referred to as wood drill bit. But there are several other types of wood drill bits.

Here are some of the most commonly used bits.

  • Brad Point Bits
  • Auger Bits
  • Spade Drill or Paddle Bits
  • Forstner bits
  • Regular Twist Drills

Masonry Drill Bits

The masonry drill bit is a twist bit with tungsten carbide cutting tips. A typical masonry bit has a carbon steel or HSS body and a sloping tip that is often covered in carbide. The carbide helps keep the bit sharp when punching through masonry or concrete.

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the tungsten carbide cutting tip is ground at angle with no spur point in the center. Unlike a metal bit, the point angle of a masonry bit is 135° which gives them more strength. This is worth noting down especially if you are considering sharpening the masonry bit by yourself.

Masonry bits are also used on granite countertops, marbles, and tiles as they are made from stone. This type of drill bit is used to punch into masonry or stone materials to hang pictures, put up shelves, and other items.

The primary differences between a masonry and wood drill bit are the design and the material of the drill bit itself.

difference between masonry drill bits and wood
difference between masonry drill bits and wood

Drill Bit Design

A wood drill bit is designed to rotate and drill into the wood from the start. This may seem obvious, but the same is not true of a masonry drill bit which uses rotational as well as hammering forces to punch a hole as it is drilling. The gentle sloping angle of the masonry drill bit allows it to punch into the stone materials easier where a wood drill bit would not work so well.

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Wood Bit vs Masonry Bit vs. Metal Bit

As I explained before the main difference between these drill bits are in the material used for making the bit and the geometry of the cutting edge.

  • The wood bits usually comes with a spur pint at the center and peripheral cutting tips. These bits are usually made of carbon steel and have black oxide coating.
  • Metal bits are twist bits with 118° point angle and are usually made of HSS with titanium coating or cobalt mix. For detailed comparison between the two, please refer to the metal vs wood drill bits guide here.
  • The masonry bit looks similar to a twist bit with one major difference. The cutting tips are made of tungsten carbide insert while the body of the bit is made out of steel. The point angle of the masonry bit is usually larger than metal bits.
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difference between masonry drill bits and wood
difference between masonry drill bits and wood

How can you tell the difference between a wood bit and a concrete bit?

The easiest way to tell the difference is by looking at the cutting tip geometry. On a wood bit there will be a sharp pointed spur in the center whereas the masonry bit has a carbide tipped cutting edges that are ground to 135-degree angle.

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