bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer

bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer

bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer

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Bleeding or spotting after embryo transfer

Light bleeding or spotting is often the first sign of pregnancy.

Spotting in your underwear or on toilet paper when you wipe could indicate implantation, which means the embryo has implanted into the lining of your uterine wall.

Mukherjee says that some spotting or bleeding a week after embryo transfer may be a good sign. Unfortunately, he says, bleeding is such a concerning sign that it fails to provide reassurance for many people.

Plus, spotting is also a common occurrence when taking hormone medications such as progesterone during the 2-week period after the embryo transfer.

Most likely, your doctor will have you continue taking progesterone to help your body produce the same levels of hormones it would during the early weeks of pregnancy — which means spotting may or may not be a sign of a successful embryo transfer.

bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer
bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer

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Bleeding after IVF

What causes of bleeding after embryo transfer can be?

There are several reasons for bleeding after embryo transfer. They characterize the processes that occur in a woman’s body during this period.

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Primarily, it may be associated with a previous controlled ovulation stimulation that was used to obtain multiple eggs. In the normal cycle, after ovulation, if fertilization does not occur, menstruation should pass. Actually, this is it, but not complete. It lasts 1-2 days, not plentiful, smearing and painless. Do not worry, it does not carry threats.

The second reason for bleeding is the transfer of the embryo into the uterine wall. In order to attach, the embryo must pass through the top layer of the endometrium with its villi. Thus, microtraumas are formed and blood is released from them.

This bleeding may be accompanied by unpleasant, uncomfortable sensations in the lower abdomen, but not painful. They appear in the form of several spots of blood or urine on the pad or underwear. They can be brown, pink, or deep red in color and can last for hours to 1 day. Their main characteristic is a scanty amount of blood and the intensity of bleeding does not change during the entire period.

Usually, the doctor warns about the possibility of such bleeding so that the woman does not worry and behaves calmly. But it is worth remembering that there may not be a bloody discharge. Very often, embryo implantation takes place without bleeding and generally any extraneous sensations. Therefore, you should not worry about the lack of such.

Other causes of bleeding after embryo transfer include:

  • Stress. Including the one that a woman experiences during the IVF procedure. You need to worry less and spend more time relaxing.
  • Failure to comply with medical recommendations. After the embryo transfer, the doctor gives strict recommendations, for example, a ban on hot baths. Actually, violation of this requirement can cause bleeding.
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Normal bleeding is considered to occur during the first or second week after embryo transfer. Later, during pregnancy, there should be no bleeding, their appearance may indicate problems and disorders that are threatening.

bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer
Three sanitary pads on pink background in different sizes. Small, medium and large menstrual flow concept. Flat lay, top view.

What bleeding is considered threatening?

In addition to normal bloody discharge, a woman may develop those that threaten an abortion or even her life.
Characteristics of dangerous bleeding:

  • The amount of blood. Profuse bleeding in a short period of time, bright pink or red.
  • Pain. Bleeding is accompanied by severe and sharp stabbing pain.
  • Duration. Long-term bleeding. More than 3-4 days.
  • Period. Bleeding in the third and later a week after transfer can also indicate a threatening condition.

What to do in case of bleeding and which is the first aid?

If the bleeding is normal, there is no need to worry, as stress can increase it. First of all, you need to inform your fertility doctor and follow all his recommendations. During this period, you need to lead a sparing lifestyle, eliminate physical activity, stress, rest more and monitor the nature of bleeding, informing the doctor about changes.

If symptoms of dangerous bleeding appear, you need to act clearly and quickly, because such bleeding can be a sign of a miscarriage and pose a threat to a woman’s life.

bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer
bleeding 13 days after embryo transfer

In case of such occurrence, you need to do the following:

  • Call an ambulance and inform your doctor.
  • Do not panic. Panic increases your heart rate and therefore bleeding. It also interferes with acting adequately.
  • If haemostatic medications have been prescribed, take them.
  • Take a horizontal position.
  • You can put a cold compress on the lower abdomen. This will reduce the amount of bleeding.
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Sometimes bleeding can mean that the implantation did not go through and there was a miscarriage of the embryo. Don’t worry and panic right away. Statistically, the second and third protocols are usually more successful than the first.

There is also a 25% chance that after the first unsuccessful IVF attempt, pregnancy can occur naturally during intercourse. Therefore, you should not give up and move on to your cherished dream. The main thing is to listen to the advice and prescriptions of the doctor and everything will work out.

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